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公开招标现场转竞争性谈判案例分析

发布时间:2021-04-05 08:53 作者:陈怀东 来源:中国政府采购报 点击:次 字号:

zhengfucaigougongkaizhaobiaoguochengzhongyinduizhaobiaowenjianjinxingshizhixingxiangyingdegongyingshangzhiyouliangjiaerfeibiaobingzaixianchangbiangengweijingzhengxingtanpanfangshijinxingcaigoudeqingkuangbuweishaojian,danyouyuxianjinfalvduiciguidingbumingque,caigoushijianzuofabuyi。benwenduizhengfucaigoufeibiaohouzhuanjingzhengxingtanpananlizhongdebuhelizhichujiqiyuanyinzhankaifenxi,zuihouzongjiechubenanlisuodailaidejingyan。

一、 案例基本情况

mouxianzhengfucaigouzhongxingongyou6mingrenyuan,shidangdicaizhengbumenxiashedexianjijigou,tongshiyoushizhengfucaigouguanlibangongshi,shixing“yigejigou,liangkuaipaizi,yitaorenma”。gaizhongxinshouxianjiaotongjuweituoduixianjigonglujianshexiangmugongchengjinxinggongkaizhaobiao,yu2014nian5yue8rifabuzhaobiaogonggao,bingguidingtoubiaorenyingyu5yue10riqianyuxiangguanrenyuanlianxibiaoshushiyi,jiezhidaotoubiaojiezhirigongyou4jiajianzhugongsitoubiao,zaikaibiaodangtianjingguodui4jiagongsixianchangshenhehou,zhengfucaigouzhongxinrenweiqizhongliangjiameiyouxiangyingdeshizhixingzhaobiaoyaoqiu,yushidangchangxuanbufeibiao,binglijicaiqujingzhengxingtanpanfangshizhongxinzuzhicaigou。

dangtianxiawu,zhengfucaigouzhongxinduitanpanxiaozudezuchengjiegoujinxingshangyibingtongzhixiangguanrenyuandaohuitanpan。xiawu,zhengfucaigouzhongxinzuchengtanpanxiaozujinxingjingzhengxingtanpan。gaitanpanxiaozugongyou4mingchengyuan,baokuo3mingxianzhengfucaigouzhongxindaibiao(gongwuyuan)he1mingxianguihuabangongshirenyuan。tanpanguochengzhong,tanpanxiaozuyuliangjiajianzhugongsijinxingkoutoujingzhengxingtanpan,bingduibiaoshudeneironghetiaojianjinxinglechengqingshuoming。jingguotanpanbijiao,zuihouxuandingqizhongyijiazuoweizhongbiaoren,bingfabuzhongbiaogonggao。

二、 本案例中的不合理之处

benanliweidianxingdezhengfucaigoufeibiaozhuanjingzhengxingtanpananli,zaijizhongcaigoujigoudeshezhiyijizhengfucaigouchengxushangjunbutongchengdudibiaoxianchubuhelizhichu。

(一) 集中采购机构的设置不合理

《zhongguohuarenmingongheguozhengfucaigoufa》(yixiajiancheng《zhengfucaigoufa》)diliushitiaoguiding:“zhengfucaigoujianduguanlibumenbudeshezhijizhongcaigoujigou,budecanyuzhengfucaigouxiangmudecaigouhuodong。caigoudailijigouyuxingzhengjiguanbudecunzailishuguanxihuozheqitaliyiguanxi。”zaiwoguo,caizhengbumenshifuzezhengfucaigoujianduguanlidebumen,qilvxingzhengfucaigoujianduguanlizhizedejibenyuanzeshiguancaifenli,jiyoucaizhengbumenfuzezhidingzhengce、jianduguanli,youdulidezhengfucaigoujigoufuzezhengfucaigouhuodongdejutizhixing,congerxingchengzhengshifenkai、xianghuzhiyuedeguanlitizhi。zaibenanlizhong,dangdicaizhengbumenxiashedexianjijigoutongshidanrenzhengfucaigouzhongxinhezhengfucaigouguanlibangongshilianggejiaose,shixing“yigejigou,liangkuaipaizi,yitaorenma”,weifanle“zhengfucaigoujianduguanlibumenbudeshezhijizhongcaigoujigou”defalvguiding,weibeileguancaifenlidejibenyuanze。

(二) 招标文件的发售期不合理

genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguozhaobiaotoubiaofashishitiaoli》dishiliutiaoguiding:“zigeyushenwenjianhuozhezhaobiaowenjiandefashouqibudeshaoyu5ri。”zaizhaotoubiaohuodongzhong,gongyingshangconghuoquzhaobiaogonggaozhongdezhaobiaoxiangmuxinxidaogoumaizhaobiaowenjianxuyaoyidingdeshijian,chongzuhelidezhaobiaowenjianfashouqinenggouquebaogengduodegongyingshangcanyudaozhaotoubiaohuodongzhong,youliyugongyingshangzhijiandedaochongfenjingzhengyishizhaobiaorenhuodegenggaodecaigouxiaoyi。zaibenanlizhong,cong5yue8rifabuzhaobiaogonggaodao5yue10rijiezhilianxibiaoshushiyi,zhengfucaigouzhongxinguidingdezhaobiaowenjianfashouqijinyou3tianshijian,xianzhilegongyingshangzhijiandechongfenjingzheng,bufuhefalvguiding。

(三) 废标后立即采取竞争性谈判不合理

《zhengfucaigoufa》disanshiliutiaodiyikuanguiding:“zaizhaobiaocaigouzhong,chuxianxialieqingxingzhiyide,yingyufeibiao:(yi)fuhezhuanyetiaojiandegongyingshanghuozheduizhaobiaowenjianzuoshizhixiangyingdegongyingshangbuzusanjiade;(er)chuxianyingxiangcaigougongzhengdeweifa、weiguixingweide;(san)toubiaorendebaojiajunchaoguolecaigouyusuan,caigourenbunengzhifude;(si)yinzhongdabiangu,caigourenwuquxiaode。”benanlizhongzhiyouliangjiatoubiaoqiyeduizhaobiaowenjianzuochushizhixingxiangying,guzhengfucaigouzhongxinxuanbufeibiaoshihelide。

danshi,zhengfucaigouzhongxinzaixuanbufeibiaohoulijicaiqujingzhengxingtanpanfangshizhongxinzuzhicaigoushibufuhefalvguidingde。《zhengfucaigoufa》disanshiqitiaoguiding:“feibiaohou,chucaigourenwuquxiaoqingxingwai,yingdangzhongxinzuzhizhaobiao;xuyaocaiquqitafangshicaigoude,yingdangzaicaigouhuodongkaishiqianhuodeshequdeshi、zizhizhouyishangrenminzhengfucaigoujianduguanlibumenhuozhezhengfuyouguanbumenpizhun。”yejiushishuo,feibiaohouyousanzhongqingkuang:yishiquxiaocaigourenwu,ershizhongxinzuzhizhaobiao,sanshijingxiangguanbumenpizhunhoucaiquqitafangshijinxingcaigou。suoyi,zhengfucaigouzhongxinzaixuanbufeibiaohouyingdangjingxiangguanbumenpizhuncainengcaiquqitafangshizhongxinzuzhicaigou。

(四) 竞争性谈判的适用及程序不合理

1. jingzhengxingtanpandeshiyongbuheli

《zhengfucaigoufa》disanshitiaoduijingzhengxingtanpandeshiyongfanweizuochuguiding:“fuhexialieqingxingzhiyidehuowuhuozhefuwu,keyiyizhaobenfacaiyongjingzhengxingtanpanfangshicaigou:(yi)zhaobiaohoumeiyougongyingshangtoubiaohuozhemeiyouhegebiaodehuozhezhongxinzhaobiaoweinengchenglide;(er)jishufuzahuozhexingzhiteshu,bunengquedingxiangxiguigehuozhejutiyaoqiude;(san)caiyongzhaobiaosuoxushijianbunengmanzuyonghujinjixuyaode;(si)bunengshixianjisuanchujiagezongede。”tongyang,《zhengfucaigoufeizhaobiaocaigoufangshiguanlibanfa》(caizhengbulingdi74hao)(yixiajiancheng“74haoling”)disantiaoyezuochuguiding:“caigouren、caigoudailijigoucaigouyixiahuowu、gongchenghefuwuzhiyide,keyicaiyongjingzhengxingtanpan、danyilaiyuancaigoufangshicaigou;caigouhuowude,haikeyicaiyongxunjiacaigoufangshi:(yi)yifazhidingdejizhongcaigoumuluyinei,qieweidadaogongkaizhaobiaoshuebiaozhundehuowu、fuwu;(er)yifazhidingdejizhongcaigoumuluyiwai、caigouxianebiaozhunyishang,qieweidadaogongkaizhaobiaoshuebiaozhundehuowu、fuwu;(san)dadaogongkaizhaobiaoshuebiaozhun、jingpizhuncaiyongfeigongkaizhaobiaofangshidehuowu、fuwu;(si)anzhaozhaobiaotoubiaofajiqishishitiaolibixujinxingzhaobiaodegongchengjianshexiangmuyiwaidezhengfucaigougongcheng。”

congshangshuguidingkeyikanchu,caigoubiaodeweigongchengdezhengfucaigouxiangmu,zhiyoufuhe“anzhaozhaobiaotoubiaofajiqishishitiaolibixujinxingzhaobiaodegongchengjianshexiangmuyiwai”deyaoqiucainengcaiyongjingzhengxingtanpanhuodanyilaiyuanfangshijinxingcaigou,erbenanlizhongxianjigonglujianshexiangmugongchengshuyu《zhaobiaotoubiaofa》disantiaoguidingde“daxingjichusheshi、gongyongshiyedengguanxishehuigonggongliyi、gongzhonganquandexiangmu”,shuyubixuzhaobiaodegongchengjianshexiangmu,suoyi,benanlicaiyongjingzhengxingtanpanfangshijinxingcaigouweifanfalvguiding。

2. jingzhengxingtanpandechengxubuheli

《zhengfucaigoufa》disanshibatiaoduijingzhengxingtanpanyingzunxundejutichengxujinxingleguiding,erqie74haolingduijingzhengxingtanpandegegehuanjieyezuochulegengjiajutideshuoming。jiangbenanlizhongjingzhengxingtanpanchengxuyujutifalvguidingjinxingduibi,bunanfaxian,benanlizaijingzhengxingtanpanguochengzhongcunzaimingxiandebutuozhichu,zhuyaobaokuo:

diyi,tanpanxiaozudezuchengbuheli。genju74haolingdiqitiaoguiding:“jingzhengxingtanpanxiaozuhuozhexunjiaxiaozuyoucaigourendaibiaohepingshenzhuanjiagong3renyishangdanshuzucheng,qizhongpingshenzhuanjiarenshubudeshaoyujingzhengxingtanpanxiaozuhuozhexunjiaxiaozuchengyuanzongshude2/3。”erqie,“caiyongjingzhengxingtanpan、xunjiafangshicaigoudezhengfucaigouxiangmu,pingshenzhuanjiayingdangcongzhengfucaigoupingshenzhuanjiakuneixiangguanzhuanyedezhuanjiamingdanzhongsuijichouqu。”zaibenanlizhong,tanpanxiaozuyou3mingxianzhengfucaigouzhongxindaibiao(gongwuyuan)he1mingxianguihuabangongshirenyuanzucheng,kejiangaitanpanxiaozuwulunshizairenyuanshulianghaishizairenyuanzuchengshangdoubufuhefalvguiding。

dier,jiangzhaobiaowenjianshiweitanpanwenjianbuheli。74haolingdiershiqitiaodierkuanmingqueguiding:“gongkaizhaobiaodehuowu、fuwucaigouxiangmu,zhaobiaoguochengzhongtijiaotoubiaowenjianhuozhejingpingshenshizhixingxiangyingzhaobiaowenjianyaoqiudegongyingshangzhiyouliangjiashi,caigouren、caigoudailijigouanzhaobenbanfadisitiaojingbenjicaizhengbumenpizhunhoukeyitonggailiangjiagongyingshangjinxingjingzhengxingtanpancaigou,caigouren、caigoudailijigouyingdanggenjuzhaobiaowenjianzhongdecaigouxuqiubianzhitanpanwenjian,chenglitanpanxiaozu,youtanpanxiaozuduitanpanwenjianjinxingqueren。”erqie,《zhengfucaigoufa》disanshibatiaoduitanpanwenjiandeneirongjinxinglemingqueguiding:“tanpanwenjianyingdangmingquetanpanchengxu、tanpanneirong、hetongcaoandetiaokuanyijipingdingchengjiaodebiaozhundengshixiang。”youshangshuguidingkezhi,suirancaigouxuqiumeiyoufashengbianhua,tanpanwenjianzhongdeyixieneirong,rujishuguigehepingshenbiaozhun,keyizhijieyanyongyuanxianzhaobiaowenjianzhongdeneirong,danshicaigouren、caigoudailijigoubunengyiweidiweiletigaocaigouxiaolverweifancaigouchengxu,jiangzhaobiaowenjianzhijieshiweitanpanwenjian,yingdanggenjuzhaobiaowenjianzhongdecaigouxuqiubianzhitanpanwenjian,mingquetanpanchengxudengshixiang,ranhouzaiyoutanpanxiaozuduitanpanwenjiandeneirongjinxingqueren。

三、 公开招标现场转竞争性谈判的合法性和可行性分析

《zhengfucaigouhuowuhefuwuzhaobiaotoubiaoguanlibanfa》(caizhengbulingdi87hao)(yixiajiancheng“87haoling”)disishisantiaoguiding:“gongkaizhaobiaoshuebiaozhunyishangdecaigouxiangmu,toubiaojiezhihoutoubiaorenbuzu3jiahuozhetongguozigeshenchahuofuhexingshenchadetoubiaorenbuzu3jiade,chucaigourenwuquxiaoqingxingwai,anzhaoyixiafangshichuli:(yi)zhaobiaowenjiancunzaibuhelitiaokuanhuozhezhaobiaochengxubufuheguidingde,caigouren、caigoudailijigougaizhenghouyifazhongxinzhaobiao;(er)zhaobiaowenjianmeiyoubuhelitiaokuan、zhaobiaochengxufuheguiding,xuyaocaiyongqitacaigoufangshicaigoude,caigourenyingdangyifabaocaizhengbumenpizhun。”jieheshangwensuotidaode《zhengfucaigoufa》disanshiqitiaoyiji74haolingdiershiqitiaodierkuandeneirong,keyidechujielun:gongkaizhaobiaodehuowu、fuwuxiangmu,zaitijiaodetoubiaowenjianhuozheduizhaobiaowenjianzuoshizhixingxiangyingdegongyingshangzhiyouliangjiashi,ruguozhaobiaowenjianmeiyoubuhelitiaokuanyijizhaobiaochengxufuheguiding,caigouren、caigoudailijigoujingcaizhengbumenpizhunhoukeyihezheiliangjiagongyingshangtongguojingzhengxingtanpandefangshijinxingcaigou。suoyi,zaifuheshangshutiaojiandeqiantixia,gongkaizhaobiaoxianchangzhuanjingzhengxingtanpanshifuhefalvguidingde。

danshi,anzhaofalvguidingdejingzhengxingtanpandejutichengxu,gongkaizhaobiaoxianchangzhuanjingzhengxingtanpanzaimanzuyixiatiaojiandeqiantixiacaijuyoukexingxing:

diyi,gongkaizhaobiaoxianchangnenggouwanchengjingzhengxingtanpanfangshideshenqingheshenpi。genju74haolingdiwutiaohediershibatiaoguiding,gongkaizhaobiaozhuanjingzhengxingtanpanxutijiaoyixiacailiao:caigourenmingcheng、caigouxiangmumingcheng、xiangmugaikuangdengxiangmujibenqingkuangshuoming;xiangmuyusuanjine、yusuanpifuwenjianhuozhezijinlaiyuanzhengming;nishenqingcaiyongdecaigoufangshiheliyou;zaishengjiyishangcaizhengbumenzhidingdemeitishangfabuzhaobiaogonggaodezhengmingcailiao;caigouren、caigoudailijigouchujudeduizhaobiaowenjianhezhaobiaoguochengshifouyougongyingshangzhiyijizhiyichuliqingkuangdeshuoming;pingbiaoweiyuanhuihuozhe3mingyishangpingshenzhuanjiachujudezhaobiaowenjianmeiyoubuhelitiaokuandelunzhengyijian。danfalvmeiyoumingqueguidingcaizhengbumenjutideshenpifangshi。caigouren、caigoudailijigoubixukuaisuzhunbeibingtijiaobiangengcaigoufangshisuoxudeshenqingcailiao,tongshicaizhengbumennenggoutongguodianzihuadefangshihuozhegenggaoxiaolvdeshouduanwanchengshenpiguocheng。

dier,gongkaizhaobiaoxianchangnenggouwanchengtanpanwenjiandezhiding。gongkaizhaobiaozhuanjingzhengxingtanpan,caigoufangshifashengbianhuadancaigouxuqiumeiyoubianhua。caigouren、caigoudailijigouyingdanggenjuzhaobiaowenjianzhongdecaigouxuqiuzhidingtanpanwenjian,mingquetanpanchengxudengfalvguidingyingdangbaohandeshixiang,danbunengjiangzhaobiaowenjianzhijiezuoweitanpanwenjian。

disan,jiangzhaobiaowenjianfachushijianshiweitanpanwenjiandefachushijian。74haolingdiershijiutiaodiyikuanguiding:“congtanpanwenjianfachuzhiriqizhigongyingshangtijiaoshoucixiangyingwenjianjiezhizhirizhibudeshaoyu3gegongzuori。”suoyi,weilebimianyugaifalvguidingchongtu,gongkaizhaobiaoxianchangzhuanjingzhengxingtanpanfangshibixujiangzhaobiaowenjiandefachushijianshiweitanpanwenjiandefachushijian。

disi,jiangtoubiaowenjianshiweixiangyingwenjian。youyucaigouxuqiumeiyoufashengbianhua,gugongyingshangwuxuzhongxintijiaoxiangyingwenjian。

diwu,youpingbiaoweiyuanhuidanrentanpanxiaozu。genjufalvyaoqiu,gongkaizhaobiaozhuanjingzhengxingtanpan,xuyaochenglitanpanxiaozu,fuzequerentanpanwenjianyijiduixiangyingwenjianjinxingpingshendenggongzuo。tanpanxiaozuhepingbiaoweiyuanhuizairenyuanzuchengyijichanshengfangshishangmeiyoushizhixingchabie,suoyiyoupingbiaoweiyuanhuidanrentanpanxiaozujifuhefalvguiding,younengbimianyinzhongxinchenglitanpanxiaozueryingxiangcaigouxiaolv。

kejian,gongkaizhaobiaoxianchangzhuanjingzhengxingtanpansuiranfuhefalvguiding,danyouyujutidechengxuyaoqiu,xianchangbiangengweijingzhengxingtanpancaigoufangshihaixuyaomanzuyidingtiaojiancaijubeikexingxing。xianjinfalvduigongkaizhaobiaozhuanjingzhengxingtanpandechengxubingmeiyoujinxingjutiguiding,rushifoukeyijiangzhaobiaowenjianfachushijianshiweitanpanwenjiandefachushijian,shifoukeyijiangtoubiaowenjianshiweixiangyingwenjian,shifouyoupingbiaoweiyuanhuidanrentanpanxiaozudeng,shidezhengfucaigoulingyuduigongkaizhaobiaoxianchangzhuanjingzhengxingtanpancunzaifenqi,caigoushijianzuofabuyi。

四、 案例经验总结

benanlishiyiqizaigongkaizhaobiaoguochengzhongyinduizhaobiaowenjianjinxingshizhixingxiangyingdegongyingshangzhiyouliangjiaerzaixianchangbiangengweijingzhengxingtanpanfangshijinxingcaigoudedianxinganli,anlizhongsuotixiandejizhongcaigoujigoudeshezhiyijizhengfucaigoujutichengxudebuheli,jitixianlezhengfucaigoucongyerenyuancaigouxingweidebuguifan,youtixianlewoguozaizhengfucaigouxiangguanlifafangmiandebuzuhequexian。

yinci,zhengfucaigoucongyerenyuanyingdangtigaozhuanyesuzhi,zengqiangfalvyishi,guifanzhengfucaigouxingwei;zhengfucaigoujianduguanlibumenyingdangjiaqiangjianguan,jiadaduizhengfucaigouweifaxingweidechengfalidu,fangzhizhifafanfaxingweidefasheng;xiangguanlifabumenyingdangwanshanzhengfucaigoufalvzhidu,jiaqiangfalvdejieshiyuchengqing,bingtongguowanshandelifapinggutixibuduandiduizhengfucaigouzhidujinxinggaijin,bimianyinfalvguidingbumingquejifalvzhixingzhexingchengkunrao。

(zuozhedanwei:guojiguanxixueyuan)



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